8th Grade Science Grading Policy

What is Standards-Based Grading and Assessment (SBGA)?

The phrase “standards-based grading and assessment,” sometimes referred to as “proficiency grading” has been defined by the Salem-Keizer School District as a grading and assessment practice that includes the following:

§         Identification of specific state standards that students are expected to know, understand and do as a result of their involvement in instructional activities.

§         The use of a scoring rubric as a means to provide students with descriptive feedback about their level of performance relative to the standard they are expected to acquire. 

-  Multiple opportunities over time so that assessment does not merely measure student knowledge, but becomes part of the learning process itself.

Standards Based Assessment Scale

Score

Description

Costa's Levels

Costa's Description

Letter Grade

6

Exceptional

All level 1, 2, & 3

More complex content In-depth inferences and applications that go beyond what was taught

A

5.5

 

All level 1 & 2, most of level 3

 

A

5

Exceeds the standard

All level 1 & 2, some level 3

Partial success with inferences and applications that go beyond what was taught

A

4.5

 

All level 1 & 2, a little of level 3

 

B

4

Meets the standard

All level 1 & 2

TARGET LEARNING GOAL No major errors regarding any information and /or processes (simple or complex)

B

3.5

 

All level 1, most of level 2

 

C

3

Nearly Meets

All level 1, some of level 2

No major errors regarding the simpler details and processes and partial knowledge of complex ideas and processes.

C

2.5

 

All level 1,  a little of level 2

 

D

2

Making Progress

All level 1 

Simpler content No major errors regarding the simpler details, but major errors regarding more complex ideas.

D

1.5

 

Some level 1

Partial knowledge of the simpler details, but major errors regarding more complex ideas.

D

1

Getting started

Very little level 1 

With help, a partial understanding of the simpler details and processes

F

0

No attempt

 

No knowledge demonstrated

INC

 

Examples of Costa's Levels of Questions

Level One questions cause students to recall information. This level of question causes students to input the data into short-term memory, but if they don't use it in some meaningful way, they may soon forget.

Level Two questions enable students to process information. They expect students to make sense of information they have gathered and retrieved from long- and short-term memory.

Level Three questions require students to go beyond the concepts or principles they have learned and to use these in novel or hypothetical situations.
 
       Level One  Level Two  Level Three
 Types of words used in questions  complete, count, match, name, define, observe, recite, describe, list, identify, recall  analyze, categorize, explain, classify, compare, contrast, infer, organize, sequence  imagine, plan, evaluate, judge, predict, extrapolate, invent, speculate, generalize
 Science

What is a gene?

What is a chromosome?
 Compare and contrast genes and chromosomes.  Use what you know about genes and chromosomes to predict a trait in a child.
 
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